GlobalWarming Awareness2007 celebrates Earth Day! Earth day started on April 22, 1970. As early as 1970, 20 million people according to the EPA celebrated Earth Day. Where in the same year, US President Richard Nixon creates the Environmental Protection Agency, although there seems to be two days when Earth day has been celebrated.
The First Earth Day was in March, not April
The first Earth Day was introduced by John McConnell in 1969 and this was not on April 22. His idea of Earth Day was presented at a UNESCO conferences on the environment in 1969. This idea of the Earth Day was the equinoctial Earth day. So earth day was actually celebrated on the day of the equinox.
The first Earth day was then proclaimed in the same year issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto on March 21, 1970. UN Secretary-General Pantanaw U Thant supported John McConnell to celebrate this as an annual event. Secretary General Kurt Josef Waldheim continued to observe this Equinoctial Earth Day every year, although today, the United Nations also works with organizers on the April 22 Earth Day event.
What is the Equinox?
We all know that the earth rotates a full circle everyday causing our night and day. Although it’s axis of rotation is titled in such a way that the polar regions of the Earth receive either continuous day time or continuous night time for 6 months. Because of this tilted axis angle, there are parts of the Earth that receive constant sunlight or is in the Earth’s shadow for a long period of time.
But since the Earth revolves around the Sun where in a full revolution makes a whole year causing all the changes in the seasons, the day of the Equinox is the day the polar regions will experience a sunrise or sunset at both opposite ends of the Earth. The event when these events simultaneously happen is the day of the Equinox. This occurs twice a year usually around March 20 or 21, and September 22 or 23. More about the Equinox on Wikipedia.
The Earth Day first introduced by John McConnell was the celebration of this event, a change in seasons and was celebrated on March.
How did Earth Day become April 22?
Before 1970, with the growing activism on ecology, where this has triggered US Senator from Wisconsin, Gaylord Nelson called for an environmental teach-in which was dubbed Earth Day and was held on April 22, 1970. It was said that 20 million people participated that year. During that year with an increase awareness in environmental activism, the EPA was created. And from then on, you can see all the environmental effort the EPA has done as briefly narrated on their website under the history of the EPA.
From then, Earth Day was intended to inspire awareness of and appreciation for the Earth’s environment. Earth Day today April 22, 2007 seems to be focused on initiatives to prevent global warming and to support GlobalWarming Awareness2007.